Pulmonary hypertension is a rare lung disorder in which the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs become narrowed, making it difficult for blood to flow through the vessels. As a result, the blood pressure in these arteries -- called pulmonary arteries -- rises far above normal levels. This abnormally high pressure strains the right ventricle of the heart, causing it to expand in size. Overworked and enlarged, the right ventricle gradually becomes weaker and loses its ability to pump enough blood to the lungs.
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension is done based on your symptoms and review of your family and medical history. Cardiologists may order for diagnostic tests like echocardiogram, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and right heart catheterization. A pulmonary function test helps diagnose pulmonary damage due to Pulmonary Hypertension
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION TREATED?
Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension aims at improving the symptoms and slowing its progression. Blood vessel dilators, high-dose calcium channel blockers and anticoagulants are some of the medications given to treat symptoms of Pulmonary Hypertension
DID YOU KNOW?
Pulmonary hypertension are serious conditions which become progressively worse and can be fatal. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension aren't curable and treatment can help lessen symptoms that improve quality of life.