Pterygium is a growth that develops on the mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye. Pterygium is a noncancerous growth that’s often shaped like a wedge. In certain cases, Pterygium can extend to the cornea. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Pterygium include redness, blurred vision, eye irritation and burning sensation or itchiness.
HOW IS PTERYGIUM DIAGNOSED?
• An ophthalmologist diagnoses this condition by the following tests:
• a visual acuity test, which involves reading letters on an eye chart
• corneal topography, which is used to measure curvature changes in your cornea
• photo documentation, which involves taking pictures to track the growth rate of the pterygium
HOW IS PTERYGIUM TREATED?
If the pterygium is causing a lot of irritation or redness, the ophthalmologist might prescribe eye drops or eye ointments that contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation. The ophthalmologist might recommend surgery to remove the pterygium of eye drops or ointments do not provide relief. Surgery is also done when a pterygium causes a loss of vision or a condition called astigmatism, which can result in blurry vision.
DID YOU KNOW?
A Pterygium can lead to severe scarring on the cornea but this is a rare occurrence.