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Polio is also referred to as Poliomyelitis and infantile paralysis, which is an acute and a very serious disease that can be infectious. Here the virus enters your CNS and is accompanied with very high fever and pain in the muscles. Some patients may also have upper respiratory issues along with infections in their upper tracts.
HOW IS POLIO DIAGNOSED?
A pediatrician diagnoses polio by taking a medical history and by the clinical features. To support the diagnoses the following tests are conducted:
• X Ray of the limbs
• CT scan
• Genetic testing
To definitively diagnose polio, a doctor will take a sample of the patient’s throat secretions, stool, or cerebrospinal fluid (fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord). The sample is then tested to see if it contains poliovirus and if the cells in the cerebrospinal fluid demonstrate changes consistent with what is called aseptic meningitis (a brain infection)
HOW IS POLIO TREATED?
There is no cure for Polio and doctors can only treat its symptoms. Some of the common treatments for Polio include physical therapy and antibiotics to relieve the symptoms.
DID YOU KNOW?
Children younger than 5 years old are more likely to contract the virus than any other group.