Polio, also known as Poliomyelitis, is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. There are three types of Polio infections namely Sub-Clinical, Non-Paralytic and Paralytic. Some of the common signs of Polio include sore, red throat, headache, vomiting, and general discomfort.
HOW IS POLIO DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis would be done by a pediatrician who would do a stool swab and also conduct other tests like lumbar puncture to check for traces of this virus.
HOW IS POLIO TREATED?
There is no cure for polio. Doctors can only treat the symptoms while the infection runs its course. The most common treatments include:
• painkillers to relieve headaches, muscle aches, and muscle spasms
• antibiotics for urinary tract infections
• portable ventilators to help with breathing
• physical therapy and/or corrective braces to help with walking
• heating pads or warm towels to ease muscle aches and spasms
• physical therapy to treat pain in the affected muscles
• physical therapy to address breathing and pulmonary problems and then pulmonary rehabilitation to increase the patient’s pulmonary endurance as the acute breathing problems improve
In advanced cases of leg weakness, when a patient has difficulty walking he or she may need a wheelchair or other mobility device
DID YOU KNOW?
Polio is mostly eradicated in India as oral polio vaccines are made available by the govt. at regular intervals as a means to eradicate the disease completely.