Plague is a disease caused due to rodents, usually their fleas. There are broadly 2 types of this disease, pneumonic and bubonic. It’s an infectious disease and can be transmitted by breathing the air around already affected by the Y.Pestis bacterium. It directly affects the lungs. In pneumonic plague, the affected person experiences fever, general weakness and a quick setting in of pneumonia. Some persons may feel nausea, to vomiting and experience abdominal pain as well.
HOW IS PLAGUE DIAGNOSED?
For diagnosis, the doctors will rely on the lab reports from blood tests and if necessary a test on the sputum may also be called. The type of disease and the severity can be evaluated from the report.
HOW IS PLAGUE TREATED?
If treated early, it is a treatable disease using antibiotics that are commonly available. With no treatment, bubonic plague can multiply in the bloodstream, causing septicemia plague, or in the lungs, causing pneumonic plague. Death can occur within 24 hours after the appearance of the first symptom. Treatment usually involves strong and effective antibiotics, intravenous fluids, oxygen, and sometimes breathing support. People with pneumonic plague must be isolated from other patients. Medical personnel and caregivers must take strict precautions to avoid getting or spreading plague. Anyone who has come into contact with people with pneumonic plague should also be monitored and they are usually given antibiotics as a preventive measure.