Pigmentation is a condition that is characterized by discoloration of skin in patches. The abnormal skin patches can be due to a variety of reasons but no matter what the cause, the condition is associated with a disruption in the level of melanin, the component that is responsible for the skin tone. The root cause of the condition can be attributed to hormonal and biological changes. Sometimes pregnancy may cause temporary pigmentation. External factors such as exposure to ultraviolet rays, burns or contact with certain chemicals may also cause pigmentation.
HOW IS PIGMENTATION DIAGNOSED?
A Dermatologist diagnoses Pigmentation by examining the medical history and skin biopsy to determine the cause of Pigmentation and rule out skin cancer.
HOW IS PIGMENTATION TREATED?
The treatment for pigmentation includes:
• Laser therapy
• Chemical Peels
• Lotions, creams and ointments
• Home care products
In case the cause of the pigmentation is hormonal imbalance the doctor may prescribe medicines.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pregnancy, Addison's disease, and sun exposure all can make the skin darker. If the body makes to little melanin, the skin gets lighter. Vitiligo is a condition that causes patches of light skin. Albinism is a genetic condition affecting a person's skin. A person with albinism may have no color, lighter than normal skin color, or patchy missing skin color. Infections, blisters and burns can also cause lighter skin.