Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) occurs when buildup on the walls of blood vessels causes them to narrow. Peripheral Arterial Disease affects people with type 2 diabetes, who are also prone to high cholesterol and heart disease. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Peripheral Arterial Disease include pain in the calves while walking, numbness, tingling, feeling of pins and needles in the lower legs, sores on the legs, and many more.
HOW IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Some of the tests your doctor may rely on to diagnose peripheral artery disease are:
• Physical exam.
• Ankle-brachial index (ABI). It compares the blood pressure in your ankle with the blood pressure in your arm.
• Angiography. By injecting a dye (contrast material) into your blood vessels, this test allows your doctor to view blood flow through your arteries as it happens.
• Blood tests. A sample of blood can be used to measure cholesterol and triglycerides and to check for diabetes.
HOW IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment for peripheral artery disease has two major goals:
• Manage symptoms, such as leg pain, so that you can resume physical activities.
• Stop the progression of atherosclerosis throughout your body to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke.
The doctor may prescribe medicine to prevent blood clots, lower blood pressure and cholesterol, and control pain and other symptoms. In some cases, angioplasty or surgery may be necessary to treat peripheral artery disease that's causing claudication.
DID YOU KNOW?
People with diabetes and those who smoke are at a higher risk of developing peripheral arterial disease