A commonly occurring condition, Peripheral Arterial Disease is defined as the problem of narrowed arteries, which in turn reduces blood flow to your limbs. Usually there are no associated symptoms of this disease but a lot of people experience sharp and shooting pain in their legs. Some can also experience in change of leg colour, sores on toes and feet and shiny skin on legs.
HOW IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Some of the tests your doctor may rely on to diagnose peripheral artery disease are:
• Physical exam.
• Ankle-brachial index (ABI). It compares the blood pressure in your ankle with the blood pressure in your arm.
• Angiography. By injecting a dye (contrast material) into your blood vessels, this test allows your doctor to view blood flow through your arteries as it happens.
• Blood tests. A sample of blood can be used to measure cholesterol and triglycerides and to check for diabetes.
HOW IS PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment for Peripheral Arterial Disease includes use of medications to lower cholesterol and also NSAIDs to manage the pain. Besides this, patients are given rehabilitation exercises and physiotherapy to ease the symptoms and pain. In some cases, angioplasty and similar surgeries are done to treat the problem.
DID YOU KNOW?
Since buildup and narrowing of the arteries occur in all arteries in the body, people with Peripheral Arterial Disease are at a high risk of heart attack and stroke.