Peptic Ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus or small intestine, usually as a result of inflammation caused by the bacteria H. pylori, as well as from erosion from stomach acids. There are three types of Peptic Ulcers namely Gastric Ulcers, Esophageal Ulcers and Duodenal Ulcers. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Peptic Ulcers include burning abdominal pain that extends from the naval to the chest, nausea, blood or dark stools, unexplained weight loss, indigestion, chest pain, and many more.
HOW IS PEPTIC ULCERS DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose an ulcer, you may need a test called an upper endoscopy (EGD). Testing for H. pylori is also needed.
Other tests may include:
• Hemoglobin blood test to check for anemia
• Stool occult blood test to test for blood in the stool
Sometimes, one may need a test called an upper GI series. A series of x-rays are taken after you drink a thick substance called barium. This does not require sedation.
HOW IS PEPTIC ULCERS TREATED?
Treatment of a peptic ulcer depends on the cause. Treatments include lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol, aspirin, and NSAIDs, acid-blocking medications, medications that protect the lining of the stomach and duodenum, and ""triple-therapy"" or ""dual-therapy"" regimens for ulcers caused by H pylori. Surgery may be performed in some cases that do not respond to medical treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Untreated Peptic Ulcers leads to serious complications that affect overall health