Patent Ductus Arteriosus is a disorder in which there is a persistent opening between the two major blood vessels leading from the heart. The ductus arteriosus is an opening that is present in babies before birth and closes after birth. A small Patent Ductus Arteriosus does not cause major issues, but a large one results in flow of poorly oxygenated blood in wrong direction. Large Patent Ductus Arteriosus symptoms are:
• Poor eating and growth
• Sweating with crying or eating
• Persistent fast breathing or breathlessness
• Easy tiring
• Rapid heart rate
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS DIAGNOSED?
A pediatrician would closely observe these symptoms and then conduct an Echocardiography to check for other signs.
HOW IS PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS TREATED?
The three treatment options for PDA are medication, catheter-based procedures, and surgery. A doctor will close a PDA if the size of the opening is large enough that the lungs could become overloaded with blood, a condition that can lead to an enlarged heart. A doctor might also close a PDA to reduce the risk of developing a heart infection known as endocarditis, which affects the tissue lining the heart and blood vessels.
DID YOU KNOW?
In a serious case of untreated adult Patent Ductus Arteriosus, extra blood flow can eventually increase the size of the heart, which in turn, can lead to congestive heart failure and death.