As we grow older our bones naturally become thin. What is the exact cause of bone thinning? Bones reach their peak density by the time a person reaches 30 years. Henceforth the density gradually decreases because the old bone cells are absorbed faster than the new bone cells produced. This results in bone density becoming less. When bone density becomes less it is called osteopenia. Those with osteopenia have a risk of developing osteoporosis.
Race, family history, smoking and alcoholism are contributing factors to low bone density. People who are thin have higher risk of osteopenia than obese individuals. Women are at higher risk as their bone density reduces after menopause due to hormonal changes.
Though osteopenia does not have apparent symptom if anyone notices any change in their bones or feel that their bone density has reduced can visit an orthopaedist. To identify osteopenia, orthopaedists recommend bone density test.
After reading the bone density test doctors will recommend diet changes to increase the calcium intake. Green leafy vegetables, milk, fish and fish oils are natural ingredients that contain additional calcium. Vitamin D is required for absorption of calcium into the body. Vitamin D can be produced naturally in the body on exposure to sunlight. Medications like calcium supplements are also prescribed by the concerned doctor.
Osteopenia is preventable by taking proper diet and care. Have a trouble free life in your old age by taking correct medications and supplements.
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