Onchocerciasis is a condition that is caused by a parasite called Onchocerca volvulus and this is also referred to as river blindness and Robles disease. The symptoms associated with the same include itching in the eye area, bumps under the skin, and also blindness in some cases. One may also suffer from skin atrophy and glaucoma like symptoms here.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is usually done by a dermatologist on the basis of a physical examination as well as various lab tests including blood, urine and stool. Also, the doctor will conduct a skin test using sample tissue from the lesions for proper diagnosis.
HOW IS ONCHOCERCIASIS TREATED?
This disease can be treated with drugs such as ivermectin also known as Mectizan. This drug can prevent the disease from progressing and causing blindness. Antibiotics such as doxycycline would help to kill the bacteria causing this disease.
DID YOU KNOW?
Till date, Onchocerciasis remains to be one of the leading conditions for blindness in African countries. In fact, in places like Ghana, this parasite is already showing resistance to the medicines.