Non-small Cell Lung Cancer is a type of lung cancer that begins in the glandular cells of the lungs that creates and releases fluids such as mucus. While people who smoke have a higher risk of developing lung cancer, however, non-smokers can also develop this cancer. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer include fatigue, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing up blood, and phlegm that’s brownish or reddish in color.
HOW IS NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Tests that may be done to diagnose lung cancer or see if it has spread include:
• Bone scan
• Chest x-ray
• Complete blood count (CBC)
• CT scan of the chest
• MRI of the chest
• Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
• Sputum test to look for cancer cells
• Thoracentesis (sampling of fluid buildup around the lung)
HOW IS NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER TREATED?
There are many different types of treatment for NSCLC. Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. Surgery is the common treatment for NSCLC that has not spread beyond nearby lymph nodes. Radiation therapy can be used with chemotherapy if surgery is not possible. The following treatments are mostly used to relieve symptoms caused by NSCLC:
• Laser therapy - a small beam of light burns and kills cancer cells
• Photodynamic therapy - uses a light to activate a drug in the body, which kills cancer cells
DID YOU KNOW?
About 40 per cent of all the lung cancers are Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.