Nephrolithiasis is defined as a condition that specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys. The most common symptoms here include renal colic or pain, which occurs because of dilation, stretching, and spasm in the area that are a result of acute ureteral obstruction. Stones, which form in the area obstruct the same and lead to acute shooting pains, fainting, loss of appetite and other symptoms.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will suggest blood tests, urine tests and imaging scans if he suspects kidney stones based on your symptoms. If the kidney stone is a frequent issue, the stones that have been passed out will be analysed to identify their composition and determine the cause to prevent further episodes.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
Treatment for Nephrolithiasis is done surgically by taking out the stone. In many cases, laser surgery is preferred. To manage the pain, NSAIDs are given along with IV hydration and Nonnarcotic analgesics.
DID YOU KNOW?
""Nephrolithiasis"" is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone. The stones themselves are also called renal calculi. The word ""calculus"" (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.