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Necrotizing enterocolitis is a common but very serious kind of problem where the tissues of the intestine tend to come damaged and eventually die. In most cases, it affects premature infants. Here the symptoms range from feeling of bloating or swelling in the stomach area to blood in the stools and loose motions. Alongside, the abbey could also show signs of extreme weakness.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician can diagnose the condition during a thorough physical examination. The doctor or a paediatric specialist will check the baby’s abdomen for swelling, pain or tenderness. Abdominal x-ray will help in definitive diagnosis.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS TREATED?
Treatment for this includes antibiotics, intravenous fluids or IV and in some cases, surgery becomes mandatory for recovery. And in most cases, the child is able to get over the same completely without any risks or future complications. Delaying treatment may prove fatal.
DID YOU KNOW?
Babies at higher risk for the condition include:
• Premature infants
• Infants who are fed formula rather than human milk. (Human milk contains growth factors, antibodies and immune cells which may help prevent the problem.)
• Infants in a nursery where an outbreak has occurred
• Infants who have received blood exchange transfusions or have been seriously ill