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Microtia is a congenital condition wherein a child is born with deformed or absent ears or ears. This not only causes cosmetic issues but dysfunctions the child’s ability to hear. In most cases, the condition is characterized by an incompletely formed ear. In some cases, there can be only a lump of tissue while in some cases, the deformation can be partial. The condition causes hearing loss and this can also impact the child’s ability to speak.
HOW IS MICROTIA DIAGNOSED?
A paediatric specialist needs to evaluate and diagnose the condition at the earliest in order to take the corrective action quick. The first consultation should be as soon as possible after birth when the physician will examine the extent of deformity. A CT scan can help with the diagnosis.
HOW IS MICROTIA TREATED?
Microtia is potential to lead to psychological problems as children get older, reconstructive surgery is recommended in most cases. Good results improve children’s confidence and self-esteem. The surgery is done in a series of staged ear reconstructions, separated by about six to 12 months.
DID YOU KNOW?
Microtia occurs in approximately 1 in 6000 to 12,000 births