Meningitis is a rare kind of disease that affects and infects the delicate membranes of the body called meninges. There are two main kinds of Meningitis that are bacterial, which is fatal and the viral ones that are not as dangerous. Along with fever, such individuals would also experience constant headaches and dizziness along with vomiting.
HOW IS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Meningitis is based on symptoms and a physical examination of the patient. The neurologist may evaluate your medical history as well. Other diagnostic tests are blood culture, spinal tap and CT-scan. The collection of cerebrospinal fluid from a spinal tap helps determine the bacterium that causes Meningitis.
HOW IS MENINGITIS TREATED?
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial meningitis. Antibiotics do not treat viral meningitis. But antiviral medicine may be given to those with herpes meningitis.
Other treatments will include:
• Fluids through a vein (IV)
• Medicines to treat symptoms, such as brain swelling, shock, and seizures
DID YOU KNOW?
People who live in closed quarters or very enclosed areas are at higher risks of getting exposure to the same because the bacteria and the virus thriving on it easily passes from one patient to the other.