Meckel'S Diverticulum is typically congenital diverticulum. This condition is characterized by presence of a small bulge in the small intestines that is due to an abnormal sac or pouch that develops at the weak point in the intestines during the 5th to 7th week of fetal development. In 95% of the cases the Meckel'S Diverticulum develops with intestinal cells. This basically makes it a part of the intestine and it functions without causing any symptoms. In cases when the diverticulum is made of stomach or pancreatic cells. This may cause symptoms such as blockage of intestines, intestinal bleeding, inflammation, severe pain, nausea and anaemia.
HOW IS MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Meckel'S Diverticulum depends on the location where it is present. Common diagnostic methods are blood tests for determining the red blood cell count, stool smear to check if it contains blood, technetium scan for detecting the pouch in intestines and colonoscopy
HOW IS MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM TREATED?
People who do not show any symptoms need not be treated. General surgeon may remove the sac and repair the intestines through surgery. If there is damage to intestines then a part of the intestines will also be removed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though about 2-3 percent of the population get Meckel's diverticulum, it causes symptoms in only a small number of those people. People can live their whole lives without ever knowing they have Meckel's diverticulum. The condition is equally common among males and females, but males are two to three times more likely to have complications.