Mania is an abnormally elevated mood state characterized by such symptoms as inappropriate elation, increased irritability, severe insomnia, grandiose notions, increased speed and/or volume of speech, disconnected and racing thoughts, increased sexual desire, markedly increased energy and activity level, poor judgment, and inappropriate social behavior. A mild form in mania that does not require hospitalization is termed hypomania. Mania that also features symptoms of depression is called mixed mania.
HOW IS MANIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by a psychiatrist or a psychologist who will perform a physical examination and ask for medical history. The doctor will ask for details of symptoms from family and friends and in some cases observe the person’s reaction to detect the disorder. The doctor may recommend tests which may be neurological tests, depression and stress tests, etc.
HOW IS MANIA TREATED?
The long-term treatment focuses on prophylactic treatment to try to stabilize the patient's mood, typically through a combination of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. Medication is most effective when used in combination with other bipolar disorder treatments, including psychotherapy, self-help coping strategies, and healthy lifestyle choices. Verapamil, a calcium-channel blocker, is useful in the treatment of hypomania and in those cases where lithium and mood stabilizers are contraindicated or ineffective
DID YOU KNOW?
Counselling of family members may help mania patients