The term Intestinal malrotation is used for defining a rare kind of congenital anomaly of rotation. Here the midgut tends to be on the other side of the body. So the small bowel is located on the right side, which means that there is a shift of the functions here resulting in symptoms like midgut volvulus, vomiting, cramps and abdominal pain, abdominal distention, etc.
HOW IS MALROTATION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Malrotation depends on the specific symptoms and physical observation. Plain radiography may be ordered to detect duodenal obstruction. In foetus, the obstruction may be detected during a pre-natal scan.
HOW IS MALROTATION TREATED?
Treatment is possible and these are the steps taken: Resuscitate the patient with fluids to stabilize them before surgically
• correcting the malrotation (counterclockwise rotation of the bowel)
• cutting the fibrous bands over the duodenum.
• widening the mesenteric pedicle by separation of the duodenum and cecum
One surgical technique is known as ""Ladd's procedure"" which shows that even after the procedure, patients are susceptible to have complaints and might need further surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
However, this is a complicated procedure and in spite of surgery, there is a risk that the individual would continue to experience some symptoms that would eventually lead to another surgery in the near future.