Platelets are a type of blood cell that help to stop bleeding by forming clots. Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count is a disorder that prevents clotting and in some cases can cause internal bleeding. Individuals with low platelet count would have frequent nosebleeds, blood in the stool and urine and red or purple bruises on the body. Women with low platelets would have heavy menstrual bleeding.
HOW IS LOW PLATELETS DIAGNOSED?
If the general physician suspects low platelets, he would perform a physical examination and look for purple rashes caused from bruising. An enlarged spleen can also indicate the condition. Blood tests, ultrasound and bone marrow biopsy will also be needed for further investigation.
HOW IS LOW PLATELETS TREATED?
For a mild disorder in platelets, usually there is no treatment but for a severely low platelet count patients could require a blood or platelet transfusion.
DID YOU KNOW?
Low platelet can be a fatal problem, especially if such patients have a big accident or injury.