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Loiasis is also referred to as African eye worm and happens because of parasitic worm Loa loa. The bites from deer flies causes the same. Most of the signs associated with the disease are symptomatic, but in some cases eosinophilia is common. In other cases, the patients may also experience Calabar swellings.
HOW IS LOIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The general physician will be able to diagnose the condition with the help of a microscopic examination to identify the larvae of loa loa. Blood sample can be tested to confirm the presence of the parasite and thereby, confirm the disease.
HOW IS LOIASIS TREATED?
Treatment of Loiasis involves chemotherapy or in some cases, surgical removal of adult worms followed by systemic treatment. The drug recommended is Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) or ivermectin (Stromectol). DEC can also be used for prophylaxis.
DID YOU KNOW?
The main problem with curbing this disease is that these flies bite during the day and thus mosquito nets or keeping windows closed really doesn't help. But being an infectious disease, preventive measures are recommended.