Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancer that causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat or in other organs. The patches are usually red or purple and are made of cancer cells and blood cells. Internal organs can also be affected, including the lymph nodes, lungs and the digestive system, which can cause symptoms such as:
• uncomfortable swelling in the arms or legs (lymphoedema)
• breathlessness, coughing up blood and chest pain
• nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhoea
HOW IS KAPOSI'S SARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
A general physician may diagnose the condition by a thorough physical examination as the skin lesions can be prominent, even though not painful. Other tests that will be performed to confirm the diagnosis include chest x-ray, biopsy, bronchoscopy and gastrointestinal endoscopy to identify the spread of the disease.
HOW IS KAPOSI'S SARCOMA TREATED?
In most cases of Kaposi’s sarcoma, HAART is the most suitable treatment method that can even clear skin lesions. Other treatment methods are: radiation treatment, surgical removal and treatment with panretin gel.
DID YOU KNOW?
Kaposi's Sarcoma can cause serious problems or even become life threatening when the lesions are in the lungs, liver, or digestive tract. KS in the digestive tract, for example, can cause bleeding, while tumors in the lungs may cause trouble breathing.