Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis or Juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis is the most common type of arthritis that affects children below the age of 17. Children affected by Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis experience symptoms only for a few months in some cases, while others have the pain for the rest of their lives. Symptoms are:
• Pain in joints that causes limping especially after a nap
• Swelling in joints
• Stiffness in joints especially in mornings
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
The pediatrician will perform a physical examination and ask for details of medical and family history. He may ask for some tests which include:
• CBC (complete blood count)
• Blood culture.
• Bone marrow biopsy
• Erythrocyte sedimentation rate,
• C-reactive protein (CRP) test
• A test for rheumatoid factor (RF) and cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP)
• ANA (antinuclear antibody)
• X-rays of the affected joints
• bone scan.
HOW IS JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS TREATED?
Treatment for the problem here includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAID followed with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and intra-articular and oral corticosteroids. In rare cases, surgery may also be suggested. Exercises and physiotherapy follow suit.
DID YOU KNOW?
Growing up with arthritis can be challenging. However, with care from a team of rheumatology professionals, most children with arthritis live full and active lives. There are various types of childhood arthritis, which can last from several months to many years. In every instance, early diagnosis and treatment can help avoid joint damage.