Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS) is a rare but serious defect from the time of birth. In this disease, the left side of the child’s heart is underdeveloped, which in turn, affects the blood flow through the heart. While Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome usually requires open-heart surgery or heart transplantation, doctors believe that Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome is mainly because of a genetic defect or abnormal chromosomes. The potential symptoms of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome include lack of appetite, inactivity, dilated pupils, paleness, heavy breathing, drowsiness, or cold hands and feet.
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Pediatric normally diagnoses Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome by a physical examination of the child’s body. A heart murmur is an abnormal sound caused by blood flowing improperly and the doctor can diagnose this through a stethoscope. Also, doctors may conduct an echocardiogram, heart MRI or chest X-ray to diagnose this condition.
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME TREATED?
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is treated through several surgical procedures or a heart transplant. The management of the newborn with hypoplastic left heart syndrome can be divided into the initial stabilization period and the operative / post-operative period. Manipulations of medications and respiratory treatments (including possible mechanical ventilation) are performed to optimally balance the flow of blood to the body and the flow of blood to the lungs.
DID YOU KNOW?
For babies where the natural connection between the left and right heart closes due to Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, death may occur due to shock