Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is one of the most complex cardiac defects seen in the newborn and remains probably the most challenging to manage of all congenital heart defects. In hypoplastic left heart syndrome, the left side of the heart is critically underdeveloped. Symptoms include:
• Grayish-blue skin color (cyanosis)
• Rapid, difficult breathing
• Poor feeding
• Cold hands and feet
• Being unusually drowsy or inactive
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done during USG when the mother is pregnant and it is easy to recognise these traits before birth too.
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME TREATED?
Surgical intervention is required for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Before surgery several options like medications, breathing assistance, IV fluids and feeding tube are given by the doctor. Several surgeries are required to correct Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Norwood procedure, Bidirectional Glenn procedure and Fontan procedure are common surgical options
DID YOU KNOW?
Children with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome will require lifelong care. If untreated at the time of birth, most infants with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome die.