Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital, rare and complex heart defect where the left side of the heart is underdeveloped. A baby born with this disorder could have skin with a greyish-blue colour, hands and feet being cold to touch, poor feeding pattern and difficulty breathing.
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Pediatric normally diagnoses Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome by a physical examination of the child’s body. A heart murmur is an abnormal sound caused by blood flowing improperly and the doctor can diagnose this through a stethoscope. Also, doctors may conduct an echocardiogram, heart MRI or chest X-ray to diagnose this condition.
HOW IS HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME TREATED?
Surgical intervention is required for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Before surgery several options like medications, breathing assistance, IV fluids and feeding tube are given by the doctor. Several surgeries are required to correct Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. Norwood procedure, Bidirectional Glenn procedure and Fontan procedure are common surgical options
DID YOU KNOW?
For babies where the natural connection between the left and right heart closes due to Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, death may occur due to shock