Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a medical condition associated with thickening of the heart muscle, mostly the septum that separates the ventricles. This results in the stiffening of the heart walls and abnormal aortic and mitral valve functioning, which ultimately results in reduced blood flow out of the heart. Symptoms are:
• Chest pain
• Shortness of breath
• Sudden death
HOW IS HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
A Cardiologist/General Physician performs different tests to diagnose the exact cause of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. For instance, the most common diagnostic test for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is Echocardiography, which helps in creating images of the heart using sound waves. Plus, other tests such as Holter Monitor, Cardiac MRI, and Cardiac Catheterization are conducted to evaluate the diagnosis of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.
HOW IS HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY TREATED?
The treatment of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy largely depends upon its symptoms. While medication helps in treating Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, but in a severe case of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, an open heart surgery may be performed to remove a part of the thickened septum.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually caused by abnormal genes (gene mutations) that cause the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick. People with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy also have an abnormal arrangement of heart muscle cells, a condition known as myofiber disarray. This disarray can contribute to arrhythmia in some people.