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Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by very high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Symptoms that may occur include:
• Fatty skin deposits called xanthomas over parts of the hands, elbows, knees, ankles and around the cornea of the eye
• Cholesterol deposits in the eyelids (xanthelasmas)
• Chest pain (angina) or other signs of coronary artery disease, may be present at a young age
• Cramping of one or both calves when walking
• Sores on the toes that do not heal
• Sudden stroke-like symptoms such as trouble speaking, drooping on one side of the face, weakness of an arm or leg, and loss of balance
HOW IS HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A general physician would be able to diagnose this disorder through a blood test.
HOW IS HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA TREATED?
Goal of treating Hypercholesterolemia is to minimise the risk of atherosclerotic heart disease. Other treatment methods are lifestyle changes like a healthy diet and exercise. Medication may be given for bringing down cholesterol levels. Severe Hypercholesterolemia may need a treatment called apheresis for removing blood or plasma from body.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hypercholesterolemia can be inherited and is known as familial hypercholesterolemia which is caused by mutations in the LDLR gene.