Hepatocellular carcinoma is cancer that starts in the liver. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), also called malignant hepatoma, is the most common type of liver cancer. Most cases of HCC are as a result of either a viral hepatitis infection (hepatitis B or C), metabolic toxins such as alcohol or aflatoxin.
Symptoms of liver cancer may include any of the following:
• Abdominal pain or tenderness, especially in the upper-right part
• Easy bruising or bleeding
• Enlarged abdomen
• Yellow skin or eyes (jaundice)
• Unexplained weight loss
HOW IS HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis for Hepatocellular Carcinoma is done through a series of blood tests, a liver biopsy, if needed and imaging tests like CT Scan and MRI. The reports can give the Oncologist enough data to start the treatment.
HOW IS HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA TREATED?
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be used for destroying the cancer cells. Alcohol injection also helps destroy cancer cells. Surgery may be performed to remove the damaged part of the liver or complete liver transplant helps get rid of the cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
Preventive measures include:
• Preventing and treating viral hepatitis may help reduce the risk. Childhood vaccination against hepatitis B may reduce the risk of liver cancer in the future
• Do not drink excessive amounts of alcohol
• People with certain types of hemochromatosis (iron overload) may need to be screened for liver cancer
• People who have hepatitis B or C or cirrhosis may be recommended for liver cancer screening