Hepatitis A is disorder of the liver in the form of inflammation which is caused due to a viral infection. The underlying causes of the infections could be due to habits like excessive alcohol consumption or drug abuse or in some cases, as a side effect of taking certain medicines as well. It is observed that in the milder forms of the inflammation, there are very few symptoms. But when the condition worsens, jaundice like symptoms and fatigue, nausea and belly pain are felt.
HOW IS HEPATITIS A DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a physical exam, which will show liver is enlarged and tender.
Blood tests may show:
• Raised IgM and IgG antibodies to hepatitis A (IgM is usually positive for IgG)
• Elevated liver enzymes (liver function tests), especially transaminase enzyme levels
HOW IS HEPATITIS A TREATED?
There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. It usually gets better in a few weeks without treatment. However, some people can have symptoms for up to 6 months. The doctor may suggest medicines to help relieve the symptoms. Hospitalization is unnecessary in the absence of acute liver failure. Therapy is aimed at maintaining comfort and adequate nutritional balance, including replacement of fluids that are lost from vomiting and diarrhoea.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hepatitis A can spread through indirect contact like touching the water touched by the affected person.