The lack of sufficient blood clotting proteins in blood. Small cuts are not a problem, but large wounds that may bleed internally pose a great risk to life. Symptoms are:
• Unexplained, continuous bleeding from cuts and injuries or after surgery and dental work
• Large or deep bruises
• Unusual bleeding after vaccination
• Pain and swelling in joints
• Nosebleeds without any cause
• Unexplained irritability in infants
HOW IS HEMOPHILIA DIAGNOSED?
A medical health history is important to help determine if other relatives have been diagnosed with a bleeding disorder or have experienced symptoms. Tests that evaluate clotting time and a patient’s ability to form a clot may be ordered. A clotting factor test, called an assay, will determine the type of haemophilia and its severity.
HOW IS HEMOPHILIA TREATED?
Since lack of clotting of the blood is the basic problem, the treatment is also focused towards that. The first therapy therefore is to replace the clotting factors. A Hematologist might be the right specialist to get the treatment done. Some internal medicines are also prescribed to treat the condition.