Hemolytic Anaemia is a type of anaemia that is caused due to hemolysis. Hemolysis is the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells either in the blood vessels or in other places in the body. The effects of Hemolytic Anaemia range from a harmless condition to life threatening situation. Symptoms are:
• Pallor, anaemia
• Shortness of breath
• Potential for heart failure
• Gallstones (in some cases)
• Fatigue or weakness
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A test called a complete blood count (CBC) can help diagnose anaemia and offer some hints to the type and cause of the problem. Other tests include a urine test to look for the presence of red blood cells. In some cases, a doctor may order a bone marrow aspiration or biopsy. This test can provide information about how many red blood cells are being made and their shape.
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
The doctor will plan out the treatment based on several factors like the severity of the condition, the patient’s general health, age and so on. Blood transfusion and administering immunoglobulin through intravenous injection are the methods employed to improve the red blood cells count and to slow down the dying of the old cells. Surgery can also be adopted to remove spleen.
DID YOU KNOW?
One can't prevent inherited types of hemolytic anaemia.