Hemolytic Anaemia is a type of anaemia that is caused due to hemolysis. Hemolysis is the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells either in the blood vessels or in other places in the body. The effects of Hemolytic Anaemia range from a harmless condition to life threatening situation. Symptoms are:
• Pallor, anaemia
• Shortness of breath
• Potential for heart failure
• Gallstones (in some cases)
• Fatigue or weakness
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Hemolytic Anaemia can either be caused intrinsically or extrinsically. Diagnosis of Hemolytic Anaemia is done by a general physician based on the symptoms. A blood test that examines the peri peripheral blood smear and other lab tests confirm diagnosis. Tests for detecting bilirubin and haemoglobin are commonly ordered to diagnose Hemolytic Anaemia.
HOW IS HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
Common treatment methods are blood transfusion, intravenous immune globulin, corticosteroid medication. Surgery may be needed when the spleen has to be removed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Children can also be afflicted with Hemolytic Anaemia after a viral illness if care is not taken.