Heart Attack or a myocardial infarction is a condition in which the heart tissue dies due to lack of oxygen supply. Healing of the heart muscle happens immediately after the heart attack, but the scar tissue does not contract. Heart’s pumping capability decreases after a heart attack. Symptoms are:
• Discomfort or heaviness or pressure in the chest
• Pain that radiates to the jaw, back or throat
• Fullness or indigestion or choking feeling
• Sweating or dizziness
• Rapid or irregular heartbeats
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a cardiology expert who would also examine the patient while conducting tests like Echocardiography, blood test, ECG and other relevant tests to determine extent of heartache.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK TREATED?
Once heart attack is diagnosed, treatment begins immediately in the ambulance or emergency room. Drugs and surgical procedures are used to treat a heart attack. Drug therapy is to break up or prevent blood clots, prevent platelets from gathering and sticking to the plaque, stabilize the plaque and prevent further ischemia.
DID YOU KNOW?
The usual recovery period for a heart attack is about 8 weeks.
If you are suddenly experiencing pain in your jaw, abdomen, chest or left hand, then you should be cautious. All these are signs of heart attacks. These signs may be accompanied by fatigue and nausea or vomiting. Some heart attacks are silent and the person does not know that he is suffering from heart attack.
Heart attack is caused due to the blockage of the artery supplying blood to the heart. The blockage is caused due to the build up of plaque, fatty deposits and cholesterol on the walls of the blood vessel. Main reasons for fat build up are high cholesterol, hypertension or even diabetes. All these factors cause the blood vessel to be blocked. Smoking and drinking can higher the chances of a heart attack. Proper management of diabetes and hypertension also reduces the risk. Obese persons should try to control their weight and hence prevent chances of getting heart attack.
In the event of a heart attack, immediate medical care is required. Once the person is hospitalized he will be given some treatments. They include restoration of the blocked artery and supply of blood to the heart. Another treatment is thrombolysis where the blood clot is cleared with the help of medicines. Sometimes both these treatments will not work, hence the patient is not offered any of them.
To understand heart attack better, we should understand the working of the heart. The heart like all other muscles is a muscle and once it stops working due to insufficient blood supply then a heart attack happens. Insufficient blood supply may be caused due to clots in the blood or due to blockage in the artery supplying blood to the heart. Plaque build up in the artery as well as cholesterol deposits can cause coronary artery blockage.
A heart attack is different from cardiac arrest. When a person suffers cardiac arrest he becomes unconscious and the heart stops working. In the event of a heart attack the person does not become unconscious. However, a heart attack can turn into a cardiac arrest and the heart will stop working.
As always said prevention is better than cure. Try taking all preventive measures to avoid a heart attack. A healthy lifestyle which is a mixture of good diet, regular exercise and stress free life can do wonders to your body and heart.
If you have a family history of heart attacks, then it is best to consult a cardiologist even before the heart attack happens. Try to get the list of best cardiologists from all over India through Lybrate. So why wait. Check out for the list of cardiologists in your city and undertake an online consultation to enable you to understand about heart attack. If any of your loved ones has experienced any symptom of heart attack then immediately consult the cardiologist. Lybrate has all the details to help you out in such crisis. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore, Jaipur, Jalandhar.
You can consult doctors online for Heart Attack from anywhere, anytime at Lybrate. View consultation fee, reviews and patient feedback before consulting. Find best doctors in Chillhar Road, Bhayandar, Kanakia, Bhayandar, Mandali Talav, Bhayandar, Navghar Road, Bhayandar, Sector 9, Bhayandar, Shanti Park, Bhayandar and in any other locality in Mumbai.
You can see above a list of top doctors in Metro Hospital Thane West, Mumbai for Heart Attack. Ask a question for free at Lybrate today and receive answers from best doctors.