Gynecomastia is a type of hormonal imbalance that causes an enlargement of the breasts in men. Usually those who have gynecomastia are not in any serious danger, but they can experience harmful pains and suffer social humiliation and taunting. It may resolve itself but if it does not, medical treatment may be needed.
You should consult a medical expert when you experience symptoms such as swelling, discharge of the nipples, swollen breast tissues and tenderness of the breast.
Gynecomastia may occur due to excess of estrogen, which is the female hormone, in comparison to androgens in a male. This condition is also caused by drug abuse or as a side effect of some medications. Certain conditions that are known to accompany gynecomastia are kidney failure, cirrhosis and hyperthyroidism. In examining the symptoms to determine this condition a thorough study of the patient's medical history is essential. Any history of sexual dysfunction, history of gynecomastia in the family, the age of onset and increase in size of nipples all determine the risk of development of gynecomastia. Essentially no treatment is required. But if you want to seek treatment consult a general physician. The underlying cause must be detected and symptoms must be managed.
Medication and surgery are used depending on the severity of the condition.
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