Gonococcal infection is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can infect both men and women and typically affects one or more of urethra, throat, rectum and cervix. Not everyone who’s infected with this infection will have symptoms in the early stages. However, you may experience:
• thick discharge from the penis
• increased vaginal discharge
• painful urination
• spotting between menstrual periods
• swollen testicles
• painful bowel movements
• anal itching
When the infections aren't treated, the bacteria can spread, causing symptoms. Specific symptoms depend on the area of the body affected by the bacteria. Over time, the bacteria that cause gonorrhea can spread to the bloodstream and other parts of the body. This can lead to a serious medical condition known as systemic gonococcal infection or disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI). Symptoms that commonly occur with DGI include:
• fever or chills
• feeling ill or generally unwell (malaise)
• pain in the joints
• swelling of the joints
• pain in the tendons of the wrists or heels
• a skin rash with pink or red spots that become filled with pus
HOW IS GONOCOCCAL INFECTION DIAGNOSED?
For diagnosing the infection, the presence of the bacteria causing gonorrhoea has to be confirmed. A swab or culture of the tissues or discharge fluid from the genital area is taken for analysis.
HOW IS GONOCOCCAL INFECTION TREATED?
The treatment includes the administration of antibiotics like cephalosporins which can be given by intravenous means rather than orally. Also, the doctor will try to find the source of the infection and the couple may be asked to abstain from sex during the duration of the treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
One should use a condom to avoid getting this kind of STD.