The field of genetics having made tremendous advances, it is now possible for expecting parents to rule out any genetic disorders in their baby before it is born. Maternal blood testing, ultrasound and some other tests have the potential of finding out about possible genetic defects in the fetus and thus take adequate steps to address it. Genetic conditions such as Down’s syndrome, Patau's syndrome, Open neural tube defects, Edward's syndrome and many others can now be successfully diagnosed through genetic testing now.
HOW IS GENETIC DISORDERS DURING PREGNANCY DIAGNOSED?
The most commonly used methods to check for genetic abnormalities amongst high risk mothers are chorionic villus sampling, done between 10th and 12th week of pregnancy and amniocentesis, done between 15th and 20th week of pregnancy.
HOW IS GENETIC DISORDERS DURING PREGNANCY TREATED?
Genetic screening can help when it is conducted in the early stages of pregnancy or even in the period when couples are trying to conceive. These pre-natal tests take place at the doctor’s office in the form of a blood test. It basically looks for the carrier gene by taking the sample and medical history of the parents into account.
DID YOU KNOW?
Nuchal translucency screening, Pregnancy-associated plasma protein screening ¸Human chorionic gonadotropin, and Alpha-fetoprotein screening are some other tests which are done to check for genetic abnormalities in the fetus.