Genetic disorders are problems caused due to abnormalities in the genes. In most cases, genetic issues are congenital. Genetic disorders are rare and affect one person in several thousands or millions of people. These disorders are hereditary and passed down from parents’ genes. There might be other cases when these disorders could result from mutations or changes in the DNA. Genetic disorders are complex and may show different symptoms in different individuals.
HOW IS GENETIC DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will do a physical examination and ask for details of medical and family history to diagnose the condition. The various tests that may be recommended are blood tests, urine tests, CT scan, MRI and Genetic tests on blood and other tissues.
HOW IS GENETIC DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment of Genetic Disorders is generally not possible. Only symptomatic relief may be provided. Research is being conducted in Gene therapy for treating various disorders. A healthy gene is introduced to a patient in gene therapy.
DID YOU KNOW?
While there are no known cures for genetic disorders, not all of them are fatal. There might be a degraded quality of life and hence, some parents to be are advised for medical termination of pregnancy if any such disorders are identified in prenatal diagnosis.