Gastroparesis is a condition where the stomach is unable to empty the food digested on its own. Due to damage to the vagus nerve, there’s a restriction on the movement of food. The common symptoms here include nausea, burning sensation in the stomach and throat, bloating of the abdominal area, feeling full after eating a little and weight loss.
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS DIAGNOSED?
The condition is diagnosed by a general physician with physical examination coupled with a few blood tests. Barium X-ray, gastric scintigraphy, gastric manometry are other examinations conducted. Ultrasound and upper endoscopy may also be performed as part of the diagnosis.
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS TREATED?
Treatment for the same includes Reglan (metoclopramide) taken before eating, Erythromycin given post eating along with other Antiemetics that are basically drugs for controlling the nausea. The combination of these drugs along with lifestyle and diet changes helps in treating the same.
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain health conditions can make it harder for the stomach to empty, increasing your chances of developing gastroparesis. The risk factors include:
• diabetes mellitus
• some cancer treatments
• eating disorders, like anorexia and bulimia
• hypothyroidism or an overactive thyroid
• Parkinson’s disease
• medications that make the stomach empty more slowly