Gallstones are small stones, usually made of cholesterol, that form in the gallbladder. In most cases they don't cause any symptoms and don't need to be treated. Gallstones range in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. Some people develop just one gallstone, while others develop many gallstones at the same time. Some people with gallstones can also develop complications, such as inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), which can cause:
• persistent pain
• a fever
HOW IS GALLSTONES DIAGNOSED?
Your general physician may do a complete physical examination along with a few blood tests, an ultrasound, a CT scan, MRI or an endoscopic ultrasound may help in the diagnosis of the condition. An Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may also be performed which is a process of inserting an endoscope through the mouth to observe the presence of gallstones. The process can be used to remove the gallstones too.
HOW IS GALLSTONES TREATED?
Surgery is not needed unless the symptoms begin to appear. People who have symptoms will need surgery right away or soon after the stone is found. A technique called laparoscopic cholecystectomy is most commonly used. This procedure uses small surgical cuts, which allow for faster recovery. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and a procedure called a sphincterotomy may be done to find or treat gallstones in the common bile duct.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are treatments within Ayurveda also to deal with Gallstones?