Fever is a condition in which the body temperature is above normal. The normal body temperature is 98.4°F, so any temperature above this is considered as fever. Fever could be mild or high, depending on the underlying cause. By itself it is not an illness, but an indication of a disease. Symptoms associated with fever are:
• Body aches
• General discomfort
• Fatigue and weakness
• Burning eyes or pain in eyes
• Delirium and hallucinations (in case of very high fever)
HOW IS FEVER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the fever is done by the general physician by checking your temperature through a thermometer. Post this, if needed, a blood test to determine the cause of the fever is done.
HOW IS FEVER TREATED?
Treatment of fever depends on the assessment of the problem. A paracetamol is given to bring down the fever. If the fever is caused because of some underlying infection, then antibiotics may also be suggested.
DID YOU KNOW?
For infants with a fever of more than 100.4, immediate medical attention is required
Also known as pyrexia, fever can be defined as a state at which the body experiences a temperature that is higher than normal body temperature. What is interesting is that it is a symptom that may be experienced as a result of several different kinds of illnesses.
A temperature of 98.6 F (Fahrenheit) is considered normal baseline temperature. This temperature is maintained by the thermostat of our body, the hypothalamus. Pyrogens are fever inducing substances that when enter the body, lead to the creation of indigenous pyrogens. These pyrogens may be viruses, bacteria, fungi, drugs and toxins.
Temperature measuring devices can be inserted in the mouth, rectum, armpits, skin or ears to record the temperature. The most common way is to use mercury or digital thermometers, though laryngoscopes, bronchoscopes and rectal probes may also be used. A low-grade fever is one that ranges between 100F-101F, high-grade fevers from 103-104F, and dangerous fevers that range from 104F-107F or above. It is advisable to visit the doctor if you have a high or dangerous fever, or if you’ve been suffering from a low range fever for more than a week. There may be different fever types:
• Continuous fever: A fever with an unwavering low-grade temperature
• Chronic fever: A fever that lasts longer than three to four days
• Prolonged fever: A fever that lasts for more than ten to fourteen days at a low-grade temperature.
• Intermittent fever: A fever that fluctuates between higher temperatures and lower temperatures, or a fever on one day and not on another
• Remittent fever: A fever that comes and goes at regular periods of time
• Hyperpyrexia: This is a fever whose temperature is above 106.7F, which is dangerous and is a medical emergency
Let’s look at viral fever for instance. This is one of the most common kinds of fever that leads to a runny nose, hoarse and sore throat, muscle aches, chills, and coughing. Mostly, viral fevers become better over a period of time. Decongestants and anti-fever medication may be given. In this case, antibiotics do not work.
If the viral fever is accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, then you need to have a lot of fluids that help to restore the lost electrolytes.
One of the kinds of virus is the influenza virus that has been seen to cause several deaths. It has the same viral symptoms with the addition of headaches and joint aches, along with a viral fever. With proper care, hygiene, food and fluid intake, viral fever will soon have to bid adieu.
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