Familial Mediterranean fever is an inherited, autoinflammatory disorder that causes frequent fevers with inflammation of the abdomen, lungs and joints along with severe pain in the affected areas. The symptoms are present since childhood and may appear as attacks that last for up to 3 days. Arthritic attacks may last for weeks. Along with the fever and abdominal pain, the other signs are constipation, red and itchy rashes on legs and below knees, muscle aches and tender scrotum.
HOW IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Familial Mediterranean Fever is based on the symptoms and physical examination. General physician may review your family history and order for blood tests to confirm the disease. During attacks, certain markers are at elevated levels. Genetic testing confirms diagnosis of the condition
HOW IS FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER TREATED?
There are no specific treatment methods for Familial Mediterranean Fever, only symptomatic relief may be provided. Medications may be given for reducing the inflammation and control fever.
DID YOU KNOW?
The first episode of illness in familial Mediterranean fever usually occurs in childhood or the teenage years, but in some cases, the initial attack occurs much later in life. Typically, episodes last 12 to 72 hours and can vary in severity. The length of time between attacks is also variable and can range from days to years.