Familial Adenomatous Polyposis is an inherited disorder that is characterized by the cancer of the large intestine and rectum. If these are left untreated, they turn into malignant cells. Symptoms are:
• Colorectal polyps that may bleed and cause bloody stools
• Gradual development of anemia
• Weight loss
• Altered bowel habit
• Metastasis of the liver
HOW IS FAMILIAL ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis is done by evaluating the symptoms. Genetic testing is the most commonly followed testing method. Gastroenterologists may order for a CT scan or a colonoscopy for detecting the presence of polyps. Upper endoscopy may also be done for diagnosing the disease. Regular scan and tests are recommended in patients having a family history of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
HOW IS FAMILIAL ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS TREATED?
Treatment of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis depends on the genotype. Surgical treatment involves removal of the rectum and part of the colon. If the rectum is not affected, then partial of complete colectomy is performed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Most people with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis will need a surgery to remove the polyps to prevent them becoming cancerous and life threatening.