Extradural Hematoma is a traumatic head injury. It is also known as epidural haemorrhage. Extradural Hematoma occurs when blood collects between the outer membrane of the nervous system and the skull. It usually occurs due to a skull fracture during childhood or adolescence. Typical symptom of Extradural Hematoma is loss of consciousness followed by alertness, then again loss of consciousness. Other symptoms are:
• Enlarged pupil
• Head injury
• Nausea or vomiting
• Weakness or numbness in any part of the body
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA DIAGNOSED?
A physician will conduct a neurological test in case a epidural hematoma is suspected. Further tests may be necessary to determine the size and position of a hematoma. Common tests are:
• computed tomography (CT) scan to see fine details of the brain
• magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine soft tissue
• electroencephalogram (EEG) to assess the brain’s electrical activity
• laboratory blood tests
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA TREATED?
While the treatment of Extradural Hematoma depends on the severity of the brain injury, a Neurosurgeon, after conducting, a neurological test, determines the size and position of the Hematoma.
DID YOU KNOW?
It is a life threatening condition and quick treatment is the key to survival. Patients who are conscious before they have neurosurgery, death is extremely unlikely. However, patients who are unconscious before they have surgery have a poor chance of survival.