Extradural Hematoma is a traumatic head injury. It is also known as epidural haemorrhage. Extradural Hematoma occurs when blood collects between the outer membrane of the nervous system and the skull. It usually occurs due to a skull fracture during childhood or adolescence. Typical symptom of Extradural Hematoma is loss of consciousness followed by alertness, then again loss of consciousness. Other symptoms are:
• Enlarged pupil
• Head injury
• Nausea or vomiting
• Weakness or numbness in any part of the body
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA DIAGNOSED?
Upon neurological examination the brain or the nervous system may indicate impaired functioning of a specific part. Neurological examination through a CT scan or an MRI may indicate a build up if intracranial pressure.
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA TREATED?
Extradural Hematoma is an emergency situation that requires neuro surgery to relieve the cranial pressure by clearing the blood clot. Surgery requires drilling of a small hole in the skull to relieve pressure by making blood to flow out. Life support measures may be required. Anticonvulsant medicines need to be given for controlling seizures.
DID YOU KNOW?
Mostly, neurosurgery is recommended to remove the Hematoma, and doctors are strictly against treating this condition at home. Heavy dose of medication is also prescribed to the patient.