Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) can cause dulled hearing. It is usually a temporary problem that lasts a week or so and most commonly occurs during and after a cold. There are various other causes and sometimes it lasts longer. An infection may also cause the lining of the Eustachian tube to become inflamed and swollen. Most people will have had one or more episodes in their life when they have had a cold and find that they cannot hear so well due to ETD.
HOW IS EUSTACHIAN TUBE DYSFUNCTION DIAGNOSED?
An Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist may examine your ear closely for detecting any blocks. He or she may question you about any recent high altitude travel or swimming that you have undertaken recently. The doctor may also look for cold and other related conditions that may cause Eustachian Tube Dysfunction
HOW IS EUSTACHIAN TUBE DYSFUNCTION TREATED?
Blocked eustachian tubes often get better on their own. You may be able to open the blocked tubes with a simple exercise which are swallowing, yawning or chewing gum, can help open the eustachian tubes. The doctor may suggest procedures for certain cases which are:
• Using a decongestant to reduce the swelling of the lining of the tubes.
• Taking an antihistamine or using a steroid nasal spray to reduce the allergic response if allergies are a factor.
• Implanting pressure equalization tubes (PETs) in the eardrums to maintain equal ear pressure.
• Making a tiny incision in the eardrum and suctioning out the fluid in the middle ear.
DID YOU KNOW?
The symptoms of this condition can last for a few hours to weeks depending upon the cause. In most cases, it is caused due to cold and eases off quickly.