Epilepsy in children may occur due to illness, head trauma, fever or lack of oxygen. Recognising epilepsy in children is a bit tricky, because the seizures occur so quickly. Careful observation of the child when he or she is having seizures is extremely helpful in diagnosing the cause of seizure.
• Open mouthed gazing in the middle of a conversation
• Falling on ground and rapid movement of arms and legs
• Drooling from mouth
• Blank staring
• High fever
• Head trauma or swelling
HOW IS EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
The pediatrician will detect the disorder by doing a physical examination and getting details of medical history. He may suggest tests for further diagnosis. An electroencephalogram (EEG), which measures electrical activity of the brain via harmless sensors secured to the scalp while the child lays on a bed. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test or a computerized tomography (CAT) scans of the brain, both of which look at images of the brain
HOW IS EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN TREATED?
Medication can often prevent seizures from recurring. However, it is not prescribed for every child who has a seizure. A pediatrician or pediatric neurologist will be involved in treating the child with epilepsy. Most children with epilepsy take anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to control their seizures. The Ketogenic diet is a medical treatment, often started alongside AEDs and is supervised by trained medical specialists and dietitians. It may be possible for some children to have surgery depending on the type of epilepsy they have and where in the brain their seizures start.
DID YOU KNOW?
Once Epilepsy diagnosis is confirmed, the family needs to be counselled about handling the child during epileptic attack