Dracunculiasis, also known as guinea worm disease, is caused by the large female of the nematode Dracunculus medinensis. A person becomes infected when they drink water that contains water fleas infected with guinea worm larvae. Initially there are no symptoms. About one year later, the person develops a painful burning feeling as the female worm forms a blister in the skin, usually on the lower limbs.
HOW IS DRACUNCULIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The symptoms are easy to diagnose as the along with high fever, nausea, and vomiting on would notice an allergic reaction in the body. This tends to spread from one spot to the other followed by burning pain. One also sees blisters burst here leading to allergy and rashes, which get worse with arthritis and paralysis.
HOW IS DRACUNCULIASIS TREATED?
The treatment of the condition is done with the help of submersion of the affected area in water so as to control the spread of the disease. This water should be discarded so as to discard the larvae properly and prevent spread of the disease. The area around the blisters can also be massaged with medicated creams and ointments.