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A diastema (plural diastema) is a space or gap between two teeth. Many species of mammals have diastema as a normal feature, most commonly between the incisors and molars. In humans, the term is most commonly applied to an open space between the upper incisors (front teeth). It happens when there is an unequal relationship between the size of the teeth and the jaw.Diastema is sometimes caused or exacerbated by the action of a labial frenulum (the tissue connecting the lip to the gum) causing high mucosal attachment and less attached keratinized tissue which is more prone to recession or by tongue thrusting, which can push the teeth apart.
HOW IS DIASTEMA DIAGNOSED?
Dentists can diagnose Diastema through physical examination. He or she may order for a dental X-ray to ascertain the alignment of teeth.
HOW IS DIASTEMA TREATED?
The treatment for this condition can be carried out by a dentist will recommend two means for fixing the gaps: surgery and installing a permanent retainer. Surgery will help in removing the muscle attachment to put it in another place while a wire may be glued in case a permanent retainer is to be installed behind the teeth.
DID YOU KNOW?
A permanent retainer will require regular cleaning and flossing.